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Alexander Calder


Alexander  Calder


b. 1898, Lawnton, Pa.; d. 1976, New York City Alexander Calder was born July 22, 1898, in Lawnton, Pennsylvania, into a family of artists. In 1919, he received an engineering degree from Stevens Institute of Technology, Hoboken. Calder attended the Art Students League, New York, from 1923 to 1926, studying briefly with Thomas Hart Benton and John Sloan, among others. As a freelance artist for the National Police Gazette in 1925, he spent two weeks sketching at the circus; his fascination with the subject dates from this time. He also made his first sculpture in 1925; the following year he made several constructions of animals and figures with wire and wood. Calder’s first exhibition of paintings took place in 1926 at the Artist’s Gallery, New York. Later that year, he went to Paris and attended the Académie de la Grande Chaumière. In Paris, he met Stanley William Hayter, exhibited at the 1926 Salon des Indépendants, and in 1927 began giving performances of his miniature circus. The first show of his wire animals and caricature portraits was held at the Weyhe Gallery, New York, in 1928. That same year, he met Joan Mir�, who became his lifelong friend. Subsequently, Calder divided his time between France and the United States. In 1929, the Galerie Billiet gave him his first solo show in Paris. He met Frederick Kiesler, Fernand Léger, and Theo van Doesburg and visited Piet Mondrian’s studio in 1930. Calder began to experiment with abstract sculpture at this time and in 1931 and 1932 introduced moving parts into his work. These moving sculptures were called “mobiles”; the stationary constructions were to be named “stabiles.” He exhibited with the Abstraction-Création group in Paris in 1933. In 1943, the Museum of Modern Art, New York, gave him a solo exhibition.

During the 1950s, Calder traveled widely and executed Towers (wall mobiles) and Gongs (sound mobiles). He won the Grand Prize for Sculpture at the 1952 Venice Biennale. Late in the decade, the artist worked extensively with gouache; from this period, he executed numerous major public commissions. In 1964–65, the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, presented a Calder retrospective. He began the Totems in 1966 and the Animobiles in 1971; both are variations on the standing mobile. A Calder exhibition was held at the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, in 1976. Calder died November 11, 1976, in New York.


Curriculum Vitae

Artistic Relationships: Partners, Mentors, Lovers - Bechtler Museum of Modern Art, Charlotte, NC Dynamo Un Siecle De Lumiere Et De Mouvement Dans L’art 1913-2013 - Galeries nationales du Grand Palais, Paris Puppet Show - Eastside Projects, Birmingham (England) In the Library - The National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC fun house - Richard Gray Gallery - New York, New York City, NY


The Complete Bronzes - L&M Arts, New York, New York City, NY Calder Noir - Kukje Gallery, Seoul Alexander Calder - Crane Kalman Gallery, London (England) Alexander Calder - Gemeentemuseum Den Haag, The Hague Building the Collection: Art Acquired in the 1990s - Arkansas Arts Center, Little Rock, AR


Alexander Calder: The Painter - Helly Nahmad Gallery, London (England) Alexander Calder: 1941 - The Pace Gallery - 32 East 57th Street, New York City, NY Alexander Calder: Gouaches - Pace Prints, New York City, NY Calder - Huntington Museum of Art, Huntington, WV Calder's Portraits: A New Language - The National Portrait Gallery, Washington, DC


Alexander Calder - Galería Elvira González, Madrid Calder Jewelry - GRAM - Grand Rapids Art Museum, Grand Rapids, MI Retrospective - Zadok Art Gallery, Miami, FL Alexander Calder - Van de Weghe Fine Art, New York City, NY


Alexander Calder: Printmaker - Bruce Museum, Greenwich, CT Alexander Calder - Palazzo delle Esposizioni, Rome Alexander Calder - Monumental Sculpture - Gagosian Gallery, Rome Alexander Calder - Olympic Sculpture Park, Seattle, WA Alexander Calder: 1969 The Fortieth Anniversary of La Grande vitesse - Frederik Meijer Gardens & Sculpture Park, Grand Rapids, MI


Alexander Calder: Gouaches, Ricco Maresca Gallery, New York City, NY (solo) Alexander Calder Jewlery, Norton Museum of Art, West Palm Beach, FL (solo)


Focus: Alexander Calder, MoMA - Museum of Modern Art, New York City, NY (solo)


The Surreal Calder, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art , San Francisco, CA; Minneapolis Institute of Arts, Minneapolis, MN (solo) Calder in Brazil, Paco Imperial, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (solo) I Think Best in Wire: Alexander Calder, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY (solo) Calder Gouaches: 1942-1976, PaceWildenstein, New York, NY (solo) Calder: From Model to Monument, PaceWildenstein, New York, NY (solo)


Alexander Calder: Two Monumental Sculptures, Gagosian Gallery, New York., NY (solo) Alexander Calder, Samuel Vanhoegaerden Gallery, Knokke-Heist, Belgium (solo)


Alexander Calder, Kukje Gallery, Seoul, South Korea (solo) Calder: Gravedad y la Gracia, Museo Nacional - Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, Madrid, Spain (solo)


Calder: Gravedad y la Gracia, Fundacion del Museo Guggenheim Bilbao, Spain (solo) Alexander Calder, Gagosian Gallery, Beverly Hills, CA (solo)


Calder '76: The Cutouts, PaceWildenstein, New York, NY (solo) Alexander Calder: Motion and Color, Nagoya City Art Museum, Nagoya, Japan (solo) Calder: Four Maquettes, Two Stabiles and a Little Bird Too, Ameringer Fine Arts, New York, NY (solo)


Alexander Calder: Motion and Color, Museum of Modern Art, Toyama, Japan (solo) Alexander Calder in Focus, Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago, IL (solo)


Earthly Forms: The Biomorphic Sculpture of Arp, Calder and Noguchi, PaceWildenstein, New York, NY


An Adventurous Spirit: Calder at The Phillips Collection, Phillips Collection, Washington, D.C (solo) Alexander Calder, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY (solo)


Alexander Calder: 1898-1976, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. and SF MoMA (solo) Flying Colors: The Innovation and Artistry of Alexander Calder, San Jose Museum of Art, San Jose , CA (solo)


Alexander Calder: 1898-1976, Musee d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, Paris, France (solo) Celebrating Calder, The Baltimore Museum of Art, Baltimore, MD (solo)


Calder, Bibliotheque Municipale and Abbaye Saint-Germain, Auxerre, France (solo) Calder Gallery Installation, Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. (solo)


Alexander Calder from the Collection of the Ruth and Leonard J. Horwich Family, Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago, IL (solo)


Celebrating Calder, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY (solo) Alexander Calder, Royal Academy of Arts, London, UK (solo)


The Intimate World of Alexander Calder, Cooper-Hewitt National Design Museum, Smithsonian Institution, New York, NY; Minneapolis Institute of Arts, Minneapolis, MN (solo)


Alexander Calder: Sculptures of the Nineteen Thirties, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY (solo)


Calder, Museo de Bellas Artes, Caracas, Venezuela (solo) Des Stabiles et des Mobiles de Calder, Musee National d'Art Moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France (solo)


Tapices de Alexander Calder, Museo de Arte Moderno, Mexico City, Mexico (solo)


Alexander Calder: A Concentration of Works from the Permanent Collection, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY (solo)


Images de Calder, Musee National d'Art Moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France (solo) Calder's Universe, San Jose Museum of Art, CA; Portland Art Museum, OR; Phoenix Art Museum, AZ (solo)


Alexander Calder Memorial, American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters, New York, NY (solo) Calder's Universe, Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, MN; High Art Musuem, Atlanta, GA (solo)


Calder, Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, Philadelphia, PA (solo) Retrospective, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY (solo)


Calder gouache show, Perls Gallery, New York (solo) Retrospective, Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY (solo)


Retrospective, Tate Gallery, London, UK


Galerie Maeght, Paris, France (solo) Retrospective, Masachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA (solo)


Retrospective, Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY (solo) Addison Gallery of American Art, Andover, MA (solo)


Julien Levy Gallery, New York, NY (solo)


Galerie Billiet, Paris, France (solo)


Weyhe Gallery, New York, NY (solo)


Artist's Gallery, New York, NY

Associated News

February 28, 2014
Frank Gehry and Alexander Calder, a captivating union at LACMA

August 17, 2008
Calder At Play


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