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Salvador Dali

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Salvador  Dali

 

Biography
Born:
1904 Figueres, Spain Died:1989

Description:
Salvador Dalí, son of a prestigious Figueres notary public, devoted himself to drawing and painting from a very early age, and in 1922 began studying Fine Arts in Madrid. There, during his stay at the Residencia de Estudiantes, he became firm friends with the poet Federico García Lorca and the filmmaker Luis Buñuel, with whom he undertook many avant-garde artistic projects.

Following his studies in Madrid and his participation in the renovating artistic debates of the 1920s in Catalonia, Salvador Dalí moved to Paris and joined the Surrealist group of painters and writers. From this period date some of the works that were to make him one of the leading representatives of Surrealism, such as The Great Masturbator, The Spectre of Sex Appeal, The Lugubrious Game and The Persistence of Memory. In 1929 he met the young Russian Helena Ivanovna Diakonova, known as Gala, who from that time onwards became his muse and partner.

Upon the outbreak of the Second World War, Salvador Dalí and Gala set up home for a few years in the United States, where his realistic yet dream-like painting met with huge success. It was during that period that Dalí wrote The Secret Life of Salvador Dalí and worked in the cinema, theatre, opera and ballet. From the 1940s date works as important as Soft Self-Portrait with Fried Bacon, Basked of Bread, Leda Atomica and The Madonna of Portlligat. Having by then become one of the most famous painters of the time, in 1948 Dalí returned to live in Europe and spent lengthy periods at his Portlligat house and studio.

During the 1950s and 1960s religion, history and science came to occupy an ever-greater place among the themes of many of his works, many of them in large format. Thus, over the course of these years, the artist painted such famous works as Christ of St. John of the Cross, Galatea of the Spheres, Corpus Hipercubus, The Discovery of America by Christopher Columbus and The Last Supper.

During the 1970s Salvador Dalí created and inaugurated the Dalí Theatre-Museum in Figueres, which houses a large collection of his works ranging from his outset as an artist, through his creations within the Surrealist school, to the works of his last period. After living for many years in Portlligat, on the death of his wife Gala he went to live for a time in Púbol Castle. He spent the last years of his life at Torre Galatea in Figueres, near the Dalí Theatre-Museum, where he left instructions to be buried. The Gala-Salvador Dalí Foundation was created in 1983 as the institution which manages, protects and promotes his artistic and intellectual legacy.

Listen to a rare 1963 interview with Salvador Dali


  Salvador_Dali_Biography.doc


Curriculum Vitae
2013

The Dali Universe, Palazzo Medici Riccardi, Florence, Italy Dali: Mind of Genius, Kaohsiung Museum of Fine Arts, Kaohsiung, Taiwan

2012

Dali: Mind of Genius, National Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Hall, Taipei, Taiwan Salvador Dalí, Oeuvres sur papier 1931 - 1981, Galerie de Messine, Paris Dali, DTR Modern Galleries, Boston, MA Salvador Dalí's Twelve Tribes of Israel, GRAM - Grand Rapids Art Museum, Grand Rapids, MI

2011

Salvador DalÍ, Mind Of Genius, Kaohsiung Museum of Fine Art, Kaohsiung City, Taiwan Juxtaposing History: Salvador Dalí, the Hebrew Bible, and the Formation of Israel, Cornell Fine Arts Museum, Winter Park, FL Salvador Dalí, the Surrealist, Opera Gallery, Singapore The Dali Universe, Museo di Sant’ Apollonia, Venice (Opened May 2011) Dali: Mind of a Genius, The Art Science Museum at Marina Bay Sands, Singapore

2010

Dalí illustrator: Paper Dreams, Fundacion Canal, Madrid, Spain Down the Rabbit Hole: The Bizarre Worlds of Salvador Dalí, Susquehanna Art Museum, Harrisburg, PA Dalí: The Late Work, The High Museum of Art, Atlanta, GA Dalí au Sommet, Open Air Exhibition, Courchevel, France

2009

Salvador Dali’ in Shanghai, The Shanghai Art Museum, Shanghai, P.R. China Dalí Open Air Exhibition, Chateau de Pommard, Bourgogne, France Salvador Dali: Prints, Sculptures, Ceramics, Museum of Contemporary Art Skopje, Skopje, Macedonia Salvador Dalí y las revistas, CaixaForum Palma, Palma de Mallorca, Spain

2008

Monet to Dali, First center for the Visual Arts, Nashville, TN

2007

Masterpieces and Beyond, Open Air Exhibition, Hong Kong, P.R. China

2006

Dalí in Singapore, Open Air Exhibition, Ngee Ann City, Singapore Spanish Painting, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York City, NY

2004

Dalí, Seoul Arts Center, Seoul, Korea L’Univers de Dalí, Chateau Lavardens, Lavardens, France

2003

Dalí: a Journey into Fantasy, Wuhan Urban Planning Exhibition Center, Wuhan, P. R. China The Dalí Universe, The Beacon, Southgate, Melbourne, Australia Dalí: a Journey into Fantasy, Shanghai Urban Planning Exhibition Center, Shanghai, P. R. China

2002

The Dalí Universe, Customs House, Sydney, Australia Dalí: a Journey into Fantasy, China Millennium Monument, Beijing, P.R. China Dalí: a Journey into Fantasy, Guangdong Museum of Art, Guangzhou (Canton), P. R. China

2001

Palazzo Ferraiuoli - Piazza Colonna, Rome, Italy Retretti Arts Centre, Savonlinna, Finland

2000

Arken Museum of Modern Art, Dalí, Copenhagen, Denmark Dalí Scultore Dalí Illustratore, Galleria di Piazza Colonna, Rome, Italy The Dalí Universe, London, England (2000-2010)

1999

Dalí Scultore Dalí Illustratore, Palazzo dei Normani, Palermo, Italy Dalí, Colosseum, Essen, Germany

1998

Dalí – Bilder eines Genies, Kant Dreieck, Berlin, Germany Norrkoping, Sweden Dalí, Palais Pallavicini, Vienna, Austria (Opening March 1998 of Permanent Exhibition) Dalí, Meister des Surrealismus, Millerntor Hochhaus im Lichthof, Hamburg, Germany Dalí, Nürnberg, Egidienkirche, Germany

1997

Dalí, Schloss Heidelberg, Heidelburg, Germany Halle Münsterland, Münster, Germany Dalí, Rheingoldhalle-Congress Centrum Mainz, Mainz, Germany

1996

Dalí 500 Meisterwerks, Grosse Orangerie des Schlosses Charlottenburg, Berlin, Germany Dalí, Neubaukirche der Universität Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany Salvador Dalí, Skulpturen & Illustrationen, Palais Palffy, Vienna, Austria Istituto degli Innocenti, Florence, Italy Chiesa Santa Maria del Popolo, Rome, Italy Documenta-Halle, Kassel, Germany Kulturhaus Abraxas, Augsburg, Germany Palazzo dei Sette, Orvieto, Italy

1995

Dalí Scultore, Dalí Illustratore, Pinacoteca Civica, La Spezia, Italy Dalí als Bildhauer, Dalí als Illustrator, Grassi Museum, Leipzig, Germany Scuderie Parco di Miramare, Trieste, Italy Beurs van Berlage, Amsterdam, Holland Chiesa San Bartolomeo, Venice, Italy Dalí Monumental Sculpture, Open Air Exhibition, Place Vendôme, Paris, France Dalí als Bildhauer, Dalí als Illustrator, World Trade Center, Bremen, Germany Dalí Sculpteur et Illustrateur, Le Musée de l'Aubette, Strasbourg, France

1994

Dalí, Skulpturen & Illustrationen, Wintergarten Museum, Frankfurt-Am-Main, Germany Dalí Retrospectif, Le Musée d'Art Moderne, Réfectoire des Jacobins, Toulouse, France Dalí als Bildhauer, Dalí als Illustrator, Kunsthaller Marstall Schloß, Hamburg-Ahrensburg, Germany Le Musée de la Collégiale, Chartres, France Dalí als Bildhauer, Dalí als Illustrator, Kongresshaus Museum, Salzburg, Austria Dalí Sculpteur et Illustrateur, Le Musée de l'Hôtel de la Cité, Carcassonne, France Dalí als Bildhauer, Dalí als Illustrator, Alter Banhof, Baden-Baden, Germany Dalí, Museo Santa Croce, Florence, Italy Dalí als Bildhauer, Dalí als Illustrator, The Spandauer Zitadelle Museum, Berlin, Germany

1993

Le Musée du Palais de l'Europe, Menton, France Fondation Deutsch - Musée d'Art Moderne et Contemporain, Belmont-Sur-Lausanne, Switzerland Dalí Scultore, Dalí Illustratore, Istituto degli Innocenti, Florence, Italy

1992

Dalí Scultore, Dalí Illustratore, Parco Ducale Palazzetto Eucherio Sanvitale, Parma, Italy Il Mondo fantastico di Salvador Dalí, Chiesa Santa Maria del Popolo, Rome, Italy Le Salon International du Livre et de la Press Palexpo, Geneva, Switzerland Chiesa San Bartolomeo, Venice, Italy

1991

Dalí Exhibition, Mitsukoshi Museum of Art, Tokyo, Japan Palazzo Lanfranchi, Pisa, Italy Espace Montmartre, Paris, France (Opening June 1991 of Permanent Exhibition) Dalí, Museo d'Arte Contemporanea, Villa Croce, Genoa, Italy

1990

Dalí Sculpteur et Illustrateur, Le Palais de la Bourse, Marseille, France Kunstgalerij Halletoren, Brugge, Belgium Lokschuppen, Rosenheim, Germany Musis Sacrum, Arnhem, Holland Museo di Chiostri di San Eustorgio, Milan, Italy

1989

Dalí Scultore Dalí Illustratore, Accademia Spagnola di Storia Archeologia e Belle Arti, Rome, Italy Dalí, Scuola Grande San Teodoro, Venice, Italy Dalí, Galleria Civica d'Arte Moderna, Palazzo dei Diamanti, Ferrara, Italy Dalí nella terza dimensione, Castello Svevo, Bari, Italy

1941

Retrospective, Museum of Modern Art. New York, NY

1928

Third Annual Carnegie International Exhibition, Pittsburgh, PA

1925

First one man show. Barcelona, Spain


Associated News

August 01, 2015
M.C. Escher at the Dali Museum through January 3, 2016

July 16, 2008
Art Auctions on Cruise Ships Lead to Anger, Accusations and Lawsuits


March 29, 2004
Surreal McCoy

March 28, 2004
Salvador Dali exhibition shows a surrealist limning his destiny

January 24, 1989
New York Times Obituary - Salvador Dalí


 

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